Texas Snake Identification Guide (With Pictures & Charts)

Checkered Garter Snake (Thamnophis marcianus)

Checkered Garter Snake Thamnophis marcianus
Source: Natalie McNear – Under Creative Commons license
Common Name
Checkered Garter Snake
Scientific NameThamnophis marcianus
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length
109cm
Venom
Non-venomous
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring15

Diamond-backed Watersnake (Nerodia rhombifer)

Diamond-backed Watersnake Nerodia rhombifer
Source: Natalie McNear – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameDiamondback Water Snake
Scientific Name
Nerodia rhombifer
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length175cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring
27

Western Ribbonsnake (Thamnophis proximus)

Western Ribbonsnake Thamnophis proximus
Source: Andrew Hoffman – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameWestern Ribbon Snake
Scientific Name
Thamnophis proximus
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length127cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring13

Ground Snake (Sonora semiannulata)

Ground Snake Sonora semiannulata
Source: smashtonlee05 – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameGround Snake
Scientific Name
Sonora semiannulata
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length38cm
VenomMildly Venomous
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring4

Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)

Cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus
Source: Cabo Neri – Under Creative Commons license
Common Name
Cottonmouth
Scientific Name
Agkistrodon piscivorus
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length
189cm
Venom
Extremely Venomous
Reproduction
Live
Number of Offspring7

Copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix)

Copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix
Source: Judy Gallagher – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameCopperhead
Scientific NameAgkistrodon contortrix
FamilyPit Vipers
Average Length135cm
Venom
Extremely Venomous
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring7

Racer (Coluber constrictor)

Racer Coluber constrictor
Source: Andrew Hoffman – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameRacer
Scientific Name
Coluber constrictor
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length191cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring14

Canebrake Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)

Canebrake Rattlesnake Crotalus horridus
Source: Peter Paplanus – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameTimber Rattlesnake/Canebrake Rattlesnake
Scientific Name
Crotalus horridus
Family
Pit Vipers
Average Length189cm
VenomExtremely Venomous
Reproduction
Live
Number of Offspring10

Plain-bellied Watersnake (Nerodia erythrogaster)

Plain bellied Watersnake Nerodia erythrogaster
Source: Vicki DeLoach – Under Creative Commons license
Common Name
Plain-bellied Water Snake
Scientific Name
Nerodia erythrogaster
Family
Solid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length
164cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionLive
Number of Offspring18

Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)

Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos
Source: Peter Paplanus – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameEastern Hog-nosed Snake
Scientific NameHeterodon platirhinos
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length116cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring23

Bull/Gopher Snake (Pituophis catenifer)

Bull Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer
Source: Maggie Smith – Under Creative Commons license
Common NameGopher Snake
Scientific NamePituophis catenifer
FamilySolid Toothed & Rear Fanged
Average Length274cm
VenomNon-venomous
ReproductionEggs
Number of Offspring11

Earth snake (Haldea striatula)

Earth snake Haldea striatula
Source: Andrew DuBois – Under Creative Commons license

Information on this species is coming soon!

Western Ratsnake (Pantherophis obsoletus)

Western Ratsnake Pantherophis obsoletus
Source: Peter Paplanus – Under Creative Commons license

Information on this species is coming soon!

Broadband Water Snake ( Nerodia fasciata confluens)

Broadband Water Snake Nerodia fasciata
Source: Peter Paplanus – Under Creative Commons license

Information on this species is coming soon!

Broad-banded Copperhead (Agkistrodon laticinctus)

Broad-banded Copperhead Agkistrodon laticinctus
Source: Bernard DUPONT – Under Creative Commons license

Information on this species is coming soon!

Texas Coral Snake (Micrurus tener)

Texas Coral Snake Micrurus tener
Source: Ashley Tubbs – Under Creative Commons license

Information on this species is coming soon!

Speckled Kingsnake (Lampropeltis holbrooki)

Speckled Kingsnake Lampropeltis holbrooki
Source: Andrew DuBois – Under Creative Commons license